What Constitutes a Team?
By definition a team is a distinguishable set of two or more people interacting toward a common goal with specific roles and boundaries on tasks that are interdependent and that are completed within a larger organizational context (Kozlowski & Bell, 2003; Salas, Di-kinson, Converse, & Tannenbaum, 1992). The tasks which teams work on tend to require dynamic exchange of team member resources (including information), coordination of activities, adaptability to task demands, and an organizational structure that organizes members (Swezey, Meltzer, & Salas, 1994). Both task interdependence and outcome interdependence characterize team-based work (Wageman, 2001)
What does Team mean?
As defined by Professor Leigh Thompson of the Kellogg School of Management, "[a] team is a group of people who are interdependent with respect to information, resources, knowledge and skills and who seek to combine their efforts to achieve a common goal".
In theory, the Kronos schedule certainly could be viewed as a “Team” of sorts if properly defined or organized. I believe that in reality that it is at best only a people (Associate) assignment activity for “coverage” of a predetermined target value. The organizational usage of the word “Team” would seem inappropriate here. Looking at a Kronos schedule, one may notice a collage of various individuals from other departments, brand new Associates no less, represented as the “coverage” which likely will result in actual “gaps” of no coverage elements within. This is merely a pre-programmed scheduler application devoid of any skill set(s) except the availability of the pulse of a Kronos resource namely the current on-hand associate pool.
“In the best of all possible worlds, teams are formed deliberately and carefully to meet work needs that an individual or a group of individuals cannot meet as effectively.”