Southern New Hampshire University has 164 full-time instructors for 104,000 students.
According to Maduakolam Ireh, "scientific management (in the 19th century and beyond) eliminated the need for skilled labor by delegating each employee one simple task to repeat over and over. Although this method increased the productivity of factories, it stripped employees their freedom to choose their work, as well as how it should be done." While it may be an exaggeration that academic work is like factory work, trends in US higher education point to reduced autonomy and job deskilling.
In online higher education, a small number of full-time instructors act as managers, with part-timers (euphemistically called associate professors) facilitating classes–with little input regarding content. Academic work is deskilled: educational content is created on an assembly line that includes instructional designers, copy editors and finishers, who may all be precarious 1099 workers.